Internal bleeding means the bleeding that takes place inside the body. The internal bleeding takes place when the tissues or organs inside get ruptured and starts bleeding internally. Internal bleeding also takes place in the cavities of the body like in head, abdomen and chest. The most potential sites for internal bleeding include eye, muscles and joints and lining of the heart tissue.
One potential risk of internal bleeding is that it is very difficult to identify as there is no sign of bleeding or rupture from the outside. The first symptoms occur only after there is massive amount of blood loss and only when the blood clot is large enough to compress the organ or to make it completely dysfunctional.
When does internal bleeding occur?
Internal bleeding occurs when some artery or vein gets damage due to excessive pressure. The body allows the blood to escape out of the circulatory system and gets accumulated inside the body. The amount of damage depends upon the blood vessel or organ that supply it and as well as body’s ability to repair it. The repair mechanism is heralded by the clotting system and the ability of the body to decrease the blood flow by going into spasm.
Who are most susceptible?
Some people are genetically born with blood clotting system. Those who suffer from Haemophilia and von Willebrand disease can suffer internal bleeding even from minor injuries. Also patients taking anti-clotting medication like warfarin (Comadin), heparin or aspirin, or clopidogrel (Plavix) are more prone to internal bleeding than persons who are not taking any such medication.
The Signs and Symptoms of Internal Bleeding
The symptoms of internal bleeding depend upon where the bleeding occurs and to what extend bleeding has occurred and how much of the structure and function it has affected. Most often internal bleeding can be diagnosed by constant pain and irritation with swelling and inflammation in that area.
The intracranial bleeding which occurs from trauma or leakage of aneurysm tissue often causes pain and also affects the mental function of the body. Comparatively, this bleeding is easier to recognize as patients often shows signs of confusion, stroke, and weakness with blurred speech and loss of vision.
Intra-abdominal Bleeding is the worst kind of internal bleeding as it is not easily recognizable and the patient always understands it only at the progressive stage and has suffered enough blood loss. The early symptoms of this bleeding are light-headedness, weakness, shortness in breathe and sudden decrease in blood pressure. The symptoms also depend upon the abdomen area where the bleeding occurs.
Internal bleeding in the kidney or bladder can be diagnosed by the blood seen in the urine. Bleeding may occur deep within the muscles or joints due to muscle injury. Symptoms include pain and inflammation of joint with sudden numbness. In case of internal bleeding in the joints there is sudden loss of sensation and the patient will not be able to move the joints.
Understand the Kidney Infection Symptoms Signs and Causes
Kidneys are very vital organs of our body responsible for draining out all the unwanted substances in form of urine. It is also one of the primary components of urinary system which also includes other vital organs like urinary bladder, urethra and prostate (in men) and ureters (in women). The Kidneys are located on the middle back of the body on either side, under the diaphragm. It is responsible for regulating the blood pressure, filtering waste products and maintaining the concentration of electrolytes in the body. It also contributes to the production of red blood cells in the body.
Kidney infection is a type of infection that affects the entire urinary system and is part of the urinary tract infection (UTIs). In general, there are two types of UTIs, the lower urinary track infection and the upper urinary track infection. The lower urinary track infection affects the urethra, bladder and the prostrate. The upper urinary track infection affects the kidneys. The condition is also known as pyelonephritis.
The kidney infection is caused when a particular bacteria penetrates into the urinary track through the streamline of urine and enters our body. Most commonly, the bacteria gets access to the body through the urethra which is also exposed to the outside of the body. The common sources for the bacteria to enter are the vagina, anus and the skin of the genitals. As the urinary track of the women is shorter than the men it affects the women more than the men. As per survey report, about 40 % of women are affected by kidney infection each year. About 10 % men are affected by kidney infection in there lifetime and that too at extremely old age. Many a times, kidney infection also affects children below 5 years of age. It frequently affects boys less than one year of age and girls less than 4 years of age. In case of children it is very difficult to diagnose kidney infection as the symptoms are not easily visible in the early years of age. In case of elders there some predispose condition that can lead in infection in the urinary track.
Most women conceive kidney infection from sexual intercourse. In this case the man’s penis introduces the bacteria from outside to the urinary tract through the urethra. Pregnant women are more susceptible to kidney infection due to the slower transit of urine into the bladders from the ureters because of the increased pressure. It is calculated that about 10 % of pregnant women suffer from kidney infection during their pregnancy. Kidney stones are another reason that can develop kidney infection. Kidney stones partially or completely block the passage of urine which can lead to infection. Hospital or elderly patients who are not able to urinate independently are put to catheters which act as vehicle of bacteria causing infection in the urinary track. In children mostly uncircumcised male gets affected with kidney infection or sometimes structural abnormality lead to kidney infection.
The Symptoms of Kidney Infection: The common symptoms of kidney infection includes fever and high temperature, chills, nausea and vomiting tendency, constant fatigue and weakness, a burning sensation during urination (dysuria), dehydration and dull pain in the lower back near the kidney.
During medical investigation of kidney infection doctors examine the tenderness in the back of the flanks situated below the lower ribs called the costo-vertebral angle tenderness. The patients suffering from kidney infection also has rapid heart rate along with the other condition. In case of women pelvic exam is necessary to test whether it is a kidney infection or a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). In case of chronic patients the symptoms are mild but last longer.
Know The Various Symptoms Of Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle cell anemia, a genetic disease usually affects different ethnic group that includes African-Americans. The National Heart Lung And Blood Institute says that this disease results in the lack of red blood cells that carries healthy oxygen in the human body. This condition further results in anemia. The red blood cells become rigid and take the shape of crescent moon.
Let us have a look at the various symptoms of sickle cell anemia:
- Anemia: As the sickle shaped cells get damaged easily and die, our body fells the lack of oxygen. Tiredness and fatigue are its outcome, which is a sickle cell anemia symptom, as said by Mayo Clinic.
- Jaundice: As the liver has to deal with the filtering of blood cells constantly, a condition known as jaundice can even take place. A yellowish tint in the skin and eyes is caused due to this condition.
- Pain: A very important symptom of sickle cell anemia is the bouts of pain when there is an obstruction in the flow of blood by blood cells through the vessels. The pain occurs in places such as bones, abdomen, joints and chests and there is a variation in the intensity and may last for hours to even weeks.
- Infections: If the disorder also affects our spleen, infections may also occur. Babies and young children are the main victims.
- Hand-foot: In the website of the March of Dimes it is stated a syndrome known as hand-foot syndrome (the feet and hands swell and becomes very painful) is common in the sufferers of sickle cell anemia. The main cause is the blocked blood flow from hands and feet. The main cause is the blocked blood flow from hands and feet.
Infants and children may also experience the stunted growth in the presence of sickle cell anemia. The damage in the eye blood vessels can further result in trouble in vision.
Mucinex Side Effects – Harmful For Health
Mucinex expectorant falls under the category of over-the counter medications that are used for getting relief from coughs associated with infections in the upper respiratory tract. Though it is considered as safe and effective, there are a few side effects. Let us have a look at those side effects:
- Frequency: Mucinex side effects are very uncommon but if you come across any adverse reaction you should consult the doctor immediately.
- Common side effects: When side effects occur they are usually seen in the form of diarrhea, stomach cramps, vomiting, drowsiness and stomach aches.
- Allergic Reactions: Allergic reactions are considered the serious side effects due to the intake of this medicine. The allergic reactions include intense dizziness, trouble breathing, itching and swelling of throat, face and tongue as well as outbreak of rashes.
Children’s Mucinex contain the active ingredients in lower dosage to make it suitable for children. But there are still a few side effects, the reactions being quite mild in nature.
- Headache and Dizziness: Too much intake of children’s Mucinex leads to dizziness. Minor headache is also a common Mucinex side effect but they should not be considered a very serious affair.
- Rash: Developing of rashes is also a very common sign. When they are seen to occur it is important to stop taking the medicine and consult a physician immediately.
- Difficulty in Breathing: Though this symptom is quite uncommon, but if it is seen to occur seeking the help of doctor is very important.
- Swelling: Swelling of tongue, face, throats and lips is a symptom of allergic reaction. Seek medical attention immediately if any of these conditions arise.
In addition to the allergic reactions, this drug is even not prescribed for those having diabetes, thyroid disorder, heart disease and high blood pressure. Consultation with the doctor is recommended before the intake of this disease.